The Child Dental Benefits Schedule is a dental benefits program for eligible children aged 2-17 years that provides up to $1,000 in benefits to the child for basic dental services.
Services that receive a benefit under the program include examinations, x-rays, cleaning, fissure sealing, fillings, root canals, extractions and partial dentures. Many of these services have claiming restrictions. Services can be provided in a public or private setting. Benefits are not available for orthodontic or cosmetic dental work and cannot be paid for any services provided in a hospital.
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Childrens teeth begin to form before birth. As early as 4 months, the first baby teeth erupt through the gums. All 20 baby teeth are usually apparent by the age of 3.
First dental visit should be scheduled as soon as the first baby tooth appears in the mouth. During this visit the dentist will check for any problems, give advice on diet, oral hygiene and appropriate fluoride exposure.
Baby bottle decay:
Do not put child to bed with a bottle of milk or juice! Use bottle of water instead to prevent decay!
Wipe gums with clean washcloth and water after feeding. When teeth first appear, brush teeth with pea sized amount of Children's fluoride toothpaste.
Children's toothpastes have a reduced fluoride content, because small children are not able to control their swallowing reflex and swallow upto 30% of toothpaste. A constantly increased fluoride concentration in the blood during formation of the enamel of the permanent teeth, which takes place from birth to 5 years old, can lead to white patches (Fluorosis) on the permanent teeth.
A changeover from childrens toothpaste to normal adult toothpaste should be made at 7-8 years of age by which there is no longer any risk of fluorosis, and fluorides are especially important for protection of new permanent teeth.
Is not a concern until the permanent teeth start to erupt at around 4-6 years old. If thumbsucking habit is still evident when the first permanent teeth have erupted then it may lead to adverse dental changes and it is advised that you take your child to see the dentist to take appropriate preventive measures.
A health condition caused by a child receiving too much fluoride during tooth development. The critical period of exposure is from birth to 5 years of age.
Children over the age of 8 are not at risk. In its mild form (most common form), fluorosis appers as tiny white streaks or specks that are often not noticeable. In its severe form, it is characterised by black and brown stains as well as cracking and pitting of teeth.
The severity of the dental fluorosis depends on the amount of fluoride exposure and the age of the child. Although water fluoridation can cause fluorosis, most of this is very mild and not of aesthetic concern.
For better oral health throughout childhood, the following is recommended: